Why does Jupiter have several distinct cloud layers?
Why does Jupiter have several distinct cloud layers? Different layers represent clouds made of gases that condense at different temperatures.Read more
In respect to this, why do jupiter and saturn have multiple cloud layers?
This means that the same gases will condense to form clouds at different altitudes on different planets because the condensation of a gas requires a specific amount of pressure and temperature. Ammonia, ammonium hydrosulfide and water make up the 3 cloud layers of Jupiter and Saturn.
In addition to that, you may wonder, what makes up jupiter's three distinct layers? Water, carbon dioxide, methane and other simple molecules are also present in tiny amounts. Three distinct layers of clouds are believed to exist consisting of ammonia ice, ammonium hydrosulfide and a mixture of ice and water.
Adding to that, how many layers does the cloud cover have jupiter? There are three layers of clouds on Jupiter, and each one is composed of different molecules.
Why dont Saturn and Jupiter have methane clouds?
Since Saturn's atmosphere is colder than Jupiter's at any particular altitude, the various cloud layers occur deeper within Saturn's atmosphere. Methane can condense in the very cold upper troposphere of Uranus and of Neptune, but not in the warmer troposphere of Jupiter or Saturn.
37 Related Questions & Answers
Why is Jupiter denser than Saturn Why is Jupiter denser than Saturn?
Jupiter is denser than Saturn because it 3 times more massive. Gravity makes it denser. Jovian planets are not quite spherical because of their rapid rotation.
What makes up Jupiter's atmosphere?
Atmosphere and Weather: Jupiter's extremely dense and relatively dry atmosphere is composed of a mixture of hydrogen, helium and much smaller amounts of methane and ammonia. The same mixture of elements which made Jupiter also made the Sun.
Does Jupiter have carbon dioxide?
NASA said its Hubble Space Telescope has discovered carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of “hot Jupiter” planet HD 189733b, which orbits a nearby star 63 light-years from Earth. The planet is itself too hot to support life -- its surface is about 1,800 degrees F (1,000 degrees C).
What is Jupiter's surface features?
The planet is covered in thick red, brown, yellow and white clouds. The clouds make the planet look like it has stripes. One of Jupiter's most famous features is the Great Red Spot. It is a giant spinning storm, resembling a hurricane.
What are cloud layers on Jupiter?
Clouds on Earth consist of tiny droplets of water, or ice crystals. On Jupiter, however, the upper cloud layers consist of small crystals of frozen ammonia gas. Thanks to Jupiter's fast rotation, the clouds are stretched out into belts that encircle the planet.
How are clouds formed on Jupiter?
Hot material deeper in Jupiter's interior rises while cooler material sinks. As the hot gases rise, they cool and condense into liquid droplets or ice crystals to form clouds. Jupiter's fast rotation – spinning once every 10 hours – creates strong jet streams, smearing its clouds into bands across the planet.
Is Jupiter covered in clouds?
Jupiter's clouds are formed at different altitudes in the planet's atmosphere. Except for the top of the Great Red Spot, the white clouds are the highest, with cloud-top temperatures of about 120 kelvins (K; −240 °F, or −150 °C).
Why is there methane on Jupiter?
Methane (CH4) is abundant on the giant planets—Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune—where it was the product of chemical processing of primordial solar nebula material.
Why do Jupiter's clouds not mix?
Jupiter's atmosphere is made of zones and belts. Zones are colder and are composed of rising gases; they are dark-colored. Belts are warmer and are composed of falling gases; they are light-colored. The reason the two don't intermix is because of constant flows of wind, similar to the Jetstream.
What causes Jupiter and Saturn to have metallic hydrogen in their interiors quizlet?
Jupiter's intense magnetic field traps high energy particles from the solar wind and forms a radiation belt around the planet. Both Jupiter and Saturn contain liquid metallic hydrogen.
Why does Jupiter have low density?
The gas giants Jupiter and Saturn have low density because they mainly consist of Hydrogen and Helium. They contain Hydrogen, Helium and the ices which are water, methane, ammonia and other like compounds. The four inner planets Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are much denser.
Why is Jupiter so much more dense than Saturn quizlet?
Why is Jupiter so much more dense than Saturn? Could a planet be smaller in size than Jupiter but greater in mass? Explain. The extra mass of Jupiter compresses its interior to a much bigger density (Pillow Effect).
Why is Saturn almost as big as Jupiter despite its smaller mass?
Why is Saturn almost as big as Jupiter, despite its smaller mass? Jupiter's greater mass compresses it more, thus increasing its density. How do the jovian planet interiors differ? All have cores of about the same mass, but differ in the amount of surrounding hydrogen and helium.
Which of the following is a characteristic of Jupiter?
Jupiter is covered in swirling cloud stripes. It has big storms like the Great Red Spot, which has been going for hundreds of years. Jupiter is a gas giant and doesn't have a solid surface, but it may have a solid inner core about the size of Earth. Jupiter also has rings, but they're too faint to see very well.
Why is Jupiter colorful?
A: The outer atmosphere of Jupiter is mostly hydrogen and helium, with some water droplets, ice crystals, and ammonia crystals. When these elements form clouds, they create shades of white, orange, brown, and red, the colors of Jupiter.
What causes Jupiter's storms?
Storms tend to be long-lasting on the gas giant planet because it has no land, and its weather is mainly fueled by the planet's internal heat. But scientists have always believed that Jupiter's storms go only as deep as sunlight can penetrate the planet, and where water still condenses.